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  • Single-Vehicle Accident
    $1,300,000 Single-Vehicle Accident

    The client lost control of their vehicle and crashed into a tree. As a result, they suffered a traumatic brain injury, herniated discs, lost wages, attendant care, replacement services, and ongoing case management.

  • Multiple Catastrophic Injuries
    $1,000,000 Multiple Catastrophic Injuries

    The client suffered a brain injury, spinal disc injuries requiring surgery, knee replacement, severe and permanent disfigurement.

  • Car Accident
    $650,000 Car Accident

    A hit-and-run driver rear-ended the client. The client needed two spinal surgeries, post-operative physical therapy, injections, lost wages, and attendant care.


No-fault insurance covers the following people:

  • You, the person insured by the policy, while occupying a car or when hit by another car.
  • Any of your immediate family members, while occupying a car or when hit by another vehicle.
  • Any other person while occupying your insured car.
  • What’s not covered by PIP insurance?

Personal injury protection coverage comes with several exclusions. If the injury you suffer in an accident was caused by one of these exclusions, you’d be ineligible to receive reimbursement under your PIP terms.

PIP Insurance Exclusions

Common exclusions include:

  • The driver caused the accident intentionally.
  • The driver was committing a crime, including fleeing the police.
  • The driver was driving the car for a fare, such as for Uber or as a taxi.
  • The injured person was struck by or was occupying a car you or an immediate family member owns that was not insured.
  • The injury was caused because of dangerous human activity, such as war, insurrection, rebellion, or a nuclear explosion.

Additionally, property damage is not covered by personal injury protection. If the property damage was caused by another driver, then his or her property damage liability coverage will provide reimbursement. If you created the accident, or if a force beyond your control (other than a driver) caused the damage, your collision insurance or your comprehensive insurance will reimburse you.


There are two types of states which require liability in a car accident. In a no-fault state, each driver’s insurance covers their damages and expenses from a car accident, regardless of who caused the accident. In an at-fault state, also known as a tort state, the party who is liable for the damage is responsible for paying, whether through his or her car insurance or out of pocket.

In no-fault states, you’re required to have personal injury protection insurance. In tort states, PIP insurance may not even be offered at all; or it may be required as an add-on to your liability insurance, which means you can still sue the other party as well as receive injury expenses reimbursement from your car insurance company; or it may be completely optional.

In tort states that don’t offer PIP coverage, you may still be able to get MedPay coverage. Always talk to your car insurance company to make sure you’re getting the coverage you need.

No-fault states

  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Utah
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  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • Maryland
  • Oregon

At-fault states where personal injuryprotection is offered but not required 

  • New Hampshire (car insurance, in general, is not mandatory in New Hampshire, but fault is assigned when an accident occurs)
  • South Dakota
  • Texas
  • Virginia (car insurance is optional in Virginia if you pay an uninsured motorist fee, but the fault will still be assigned in an accident)
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
  • Washington, D.C.
  • The District of Columbia mandates that drivers have auto insurance, but the coverage may be either at-fault or no-fault; personal injury protection is optional.

When you’re injured in an accident, if you purchased PIP, you can decide whether you want to accept PIP benefits or file a claim through the other party’s liability coverage. However, even if you do take PIP benefits, you may still be able to file a claim through the other party’s liability coverage if your injuries are particularly severe and receive additional reimbursement for your medical and rehabilitation expenses.

But if the injured person doesn’t have PIP, he or she will have to file a claim against the other party’s liability coverage.


Medical bills

No-fault insurance covers your medical bills and other people insured by your policy, except for expenses paid for by health insurance. Your coverage extends to you even if you’re not driving at the time of the injury, such as if you get hit by a car while walking. Your PIP coverage can also pay for your health insurance deductible.

Medical bills are usually defined as “reasonable” or “necessary” expenses, which may include:

  • Surgery, nursing, emergency care, X-rays, prescriptions, dental care, and prosthetic devices.
  • Therapy, rehabilitation, and remedial care.
  • Psychiatric and psychological care.
  • Optometry services.
  • Speech and audiological services.
  • Ambulances.
  • Non-medical care in accordance with your religious beliefs.

In some states, you may be offered only this part of no-fault insurance. In these states, your auto insurance policy won’t necessarily have PIP coverage, but it will have medical payments coverage, which is often abbreviated to MedPay. It’s also possible to have both MedPay and PIP coverage, the latter of which kicks in first for a claim.

Lost wages

If you can’t work as a result of an injury you received from a car accident, some forms of PIP insurance will replace some of your wages. However, not every insurer offers this part of PIP insurance, and it may cost extra to add to your base car insurance policy.

Although every insurer offers different terms, the amount you’re allowed to claim in lost wages may be limited by your policy. Insurers usually reduce the amount you’re owed by 15% as well as any applicable deductible. Depending on state law, your earnings reimbursement may also be reduced by any social benefits you receive, such as workers’ compensation or Social Security disability insurance.

If you need more robust coverage for lost wages, a long-term disability insurance policy may pay higher benefits and last for a much longer period of time than the lost earnings provision in your auto insurance policy.

Death benefit

Personal injury protection coverage may even pay out a small sum, called a survivors loss, to the survivors of someone killed in a no-fault auto accident, resulting in wrongful death. The amount is usually limited to a dollar amount or the remainder of any unused PIP benefits.

However, if you already have life insurance, the death benefit offered by PIP coverage may seem small in comparison. Since life insurance also covers you if you die in a car accident, the PIP provision for death benefits isn’t worth it on its own if you can afford a term life insurance policy.

Funeral expenses

As with the death benefit provision, your auto insurance’s PIP coverage may also include benefits that provide reimbursement for funeral expenses. Likewise, funeral expenses coverage will also be limited by the terms of your policy.

Since funerals can be costly, the funeral expenses provision of your PIP coverage may not provide you with the amount of coverage you’d need for full reimbursement. For that, an affordable term life insurance policy may be a better choice.

Essential services

When your injury causes you to become unable to perform necessary services, the expenses you incur to hire people to perform those services may be eligible for reimbursement under your PIP coverage.

Such essential services include:

  • Child care
  • Lawn mowing
  • House cleaning
  • Shoveling snow
  • Doing laundry

Reach out to us to schedule your free, confidential consultation and get more information.


Personal injury protection insurance pays for expenses that result when you, someone insured by your policy, or your passengers are hurt in a car accident if no fault can be established. The expenses have to be related to the injury, which means that PIP won’t cover property damage.

As with all types of auto insurance, your PIP coverage is bound by a limit of liability, meaning the maximum obligation the insurance company has to you. After a claim, once the carrier has paid up to its limit of liability, you’ll have to pay any excess costs out of pocket. You can pay higher premiums to increase your limit of liability under this or any protection. The amount you purchase in PIP coverage and how much you pay for it will be listed on your declarations sheet.

Note that if one party is at fault, then his or her liability coverage will apply to the other party’s expenses instead of the latter’s PIP coverage. Additionally, your injury protection may be limited by a deductible, the amount you have to pay out of pocket for a given claim before the insurer’s obligation kicks in.

Additionally, while the coverage in each of these protections may be limited, you can always purchase more coverage for each provision. Many insurers offer not only basic personal injury protection coverage but also additional personal injury protection coverage, at an even higher premium, that increases the payments provided for a given expense and adds new provisions that may not be included under the basic no-fault insurance terms.

Policygenius can help you find a car insurer that offers enough coverage in every component of car insurance, including personal injury protection, if applicable, for a policy that won’t break the bank.

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